Sometimes we need to know if one number will divide into another without a remainder. We call this idea divisibility, and one number is divisible by another if the division produces no remainder.
For example, divisibility might answer a question like, "Is the number 216 divisible by 3?" And the answer, is yes, the number 216 is divisible by 3 because 216 ÷ 3 = 72 with no remainder.
To find out if one number is divisible by another, you may have to use long division or a calculator. However, some numbers have easy rules to follow to determine divisibility quickly.
2: A number is divisible by 2 if it is even.
Example: 14 is divisible by 2 because it is even.
3: A number is divisible by 3 if its digits are divisible by 3.
Example: 216 is divisible by three because 2+1+6=9 and 9 is divisible by 3
4: There are two easy ways to tell if a number is divisible by 4. First, you could look at the last 2 digits--if they are divisible by 4 then the whole number is. Or, you could try to divide the number by 2 twice. If you get whole result, then it is divisible by 4. (This is because 2*2=4)
Example: 80 is divisible by 4 because 80/2 = 40 and 40/2 = 20, a whole number result
6: Check divisibility for 2 and 3. Any number that is divisible by both 2 and 3 is also divisible by 6. This is because 2*3=6.
7: There is no easy divisibility rule for seven. If you are trying to determine divisibility by 7 quickly, you may want to use a calculator. Otherwise try long division.
8: Much like with 4, there are two good options. First, if the last 3 digits are divisible by 8 then the whole number is. Or, you could try to divide the numer by 2 three times. If you get a whole result, then it is divisible by 8. (This is because 2*2*2=8)
Example: 216 is divisible by 8 because 216/2 = 108 and 108/2 = 54 and 54/2 = 27, a whole number result
9: A number is divisible by 9 if its digits are divisible by 9.
Example: 216 is divisible by nine because 2+1+6=9 and 9 is divisible by 9
10: Any number ending in zero is divisible by 10.
Larger numbers: The divisibility rules get a little tougher as the numbers get larger. Look for composite rules, like for 6, where if two smaller numbers are divisors, then their product is also a divisor.
Is it divisible?
Is the number divisible by the number ?
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